We often hear that the human body is a perfect machine and while this is true, we also know that small errors often appear in this machine and result in diseases or pathologies. Such is the case of genetic or hereditary syndromes that affect human beings.
Today we will show you 10 infrequent syndromes of the human being, it is a series of pathologies that rarely appear but that can generate many problems for those who suffer from it and their families.
Patau syndrome, also known as trisomy 13, trisomy D, or Bartholin-Patau syndrome, is a genetic disease that results from the presence of an extra chromosome 13.
Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of an extra copy of chromosome 21 (or a part of it), instead of the usual two, which is why it is also called trisomy 21.
Also known as trisomy 18, it is a type of human aneuploidy that is usually characterized by the presence of an additional complete chromosome in pair 18. It can also be presented by the partial presence of chromosome 18 (unbalanced translocation) or by mosaicism in the cells fetal.
Cotard’s syndrome, also called denial delusion or nihilistic delusion, is a mental illness related to hypochondriasis. The person affected by Cotard’s syndrome believes to be dead (both figuratively and literally), to be suffering from the putrefaction of the organs or simply not to exist. In some cases, the patient believes himself unable to die.
Proteus Syndrome is a congenital disease that causes excessive skin growth and abnormal bone development, usually accompanied by tumours in the upper half of the body.
Alice in Wonderland Syndrome
Micropsia or Alice in Wonderland Syndrome (AIWS) is a neurological disorder that affects visual perception. This disorder has received the name “Alice in Wonderland” because it is believed that Lewis Carroll suffered from this disease, thus obtaining the inspiration for his popular work.
Capgras1 syndrome also known as Todd’s syndrome or dysmetropsia is a neuropsychiatric disorder that affects the patient’s ability to identify. This believes that a person, usually a family member, is replaced by an imposter identical to that person.
Stendhal syndrome (also called Florence syndrome or traveller’s stress) is a psychosomatic illness that causes elevated heart rate, vertigo, confusion, tremor, palpitations, depression, and even hallucinations when exposed to works of art, especially when these are particularly beautiful or are exhibited in large numbers in one place.
It is an inherited disorder that affects nerve function. Symptoms are present from birth and worsen over time, causing people to feel no pain at all (congenital insensitivity to pain).
Do you know people who suffer from any of these strange or rare syndromes? Have you heard of them before? Do let us know in the comments below.