When you have diabetes you need to know how to control the disease very well to prevent complications or the complications, if any, are mild and not severe. A number of risk factors are involved in diabetes disease. Lifestyle and habits should be changed in this condition. You should have to take small steps, to set targets for what you do and how long you can achieve them…
10. Disease Realization
First, you need to know that diabetes is a chronic disease, so be psychologically prepared to treat it for your whole life, do not neglect and live peacefully with the disease. Be frank with yourself and your bad habits and realize that you need to change them, and ask for your family, friends and doctor’s support if necessary.
9. Weight Control
If you are overweight, you should lose weight and keep your weight in the ideal index (BMI: weight in meters divided by the square of the height less than equal to 23) because in diabetic patient increase in weight can cause a severe problem.
8. Treatment of other complaints
Diabetic patients can suffer from a few other diseases such as hypertension and high cholesterol…so they need a doctor to monitor and specify appropriate medications, keeping blood pressure less than or equal to 120/80 mm-Hg. Also, when getting more flu coughs and stomach pain…they should inform the doctor to have a combination of drugs rather than arbitrary drug discontinuations. After taking some time, if the blood sugar level is back to normal and stable, the doctor may gradually reduce the dose. This time period is different for different patients.
7. Dietary control
Patients with diabetes should have a reasonable diet. They should have a dietary diversity and low glycemic index, eat more meals a day, not skip any meal and eat according to schedule. Choose to eat less refined foods, wholegrains, vegetables, beans…These foods are nutritious and digested more slowly, thus affecting blood glucose less than refined food such as sugar, instant rice porridge and bread.
6. Home-cooked food
You should eat the food cooked at home and minimize eating outside for the ease of glycemic control. Patients should not arbitrarily skip meals and then eat much for compensation. Skipping meals is very dangerous, especially for patients with insulin injections. In addition, patients should eat dark-coloured fruits. When you eat fruit, you should reduce the amount of starch in your diet accordingly. It is not allowed to eat fruit instead of other foods, however.
5. Monitoring of blood sugar content
Patients should use the non-sugar milk, or milk recipe for diabetics. Know how to use the personal blood glucose meter to monitor the blood sugar content. From the test results, it is possible to adjust your diet, medication and suitable exercise.
4. Perform regular tests
The patient needs to perform some tests necessary to promptly detect complications such as measurement of protein in the urine, testing of renal function, liver function, cholesterol, ECG, eye examination and check the heart and lungs. This can be done every 3 months-6 months or once a year.
3. Foot Care
For those living with diabetes, the risk of developing diabetic foot disease is between 15 to 25 percent. Risk factors such as neuropathy, foot deformity, poorly controlled diabetes and cigarette smoking can all contribute to the development of foot ulcers, which can lead to infection, gangrene and amputation. Fortunately, there are steps you can take to minimize your risk of developing diabetic foot disease. by Stoping smoking, Maintaining good blood glycemic control, Seeing your doctor, Buying new shoes, Avoid OTC foot medicine, Wash gently, Give yourself a pedicure, Keep your doctor appointments and Treat foot wounds promptly
If you get sick you should check your feet every day, if there are any irregularities, or scratch wounds which do not heal for a long time, you should consult a doctor
2. Don’t listen to everyone
Patients should not listen to and follow any word or any advice from non-professionals (such as giving up food or noodles, using any medicinal leaves…And you should make your own decisions due to you will live a happy life and happy life is the necessary thing to fight against diabetes.
1. Regular Exercise
Finally, diabetic patients need regular exercise. Muscle is the largest consumer of sugar in the body, especially when we exercise. When you do not have enough sports activities, the energy supplied to muscles is not burned (used up). The stored sugar in the blood and the sugar from the next meal cause a high glycemic index. Therefore, diabetics should maintain frequent forms of physical activity.
If you have any other tips for living with or preventing Diabetes do let us know in the comments below.